International Morse Code

For learning Morse code it is recommended to use this reference, but if you like, the dots and dashes are available too.

Letter Morse
A di-dah
B dah-di-di-dit
C dah-di-dah-dit
D dah-di-dit
E dit
F di-di-dah-dit
G dah-dah-dit
H di-di-di-dit
I di-dit
J di-dah-dah-dah
K dah-di-dah
L di-dah-di-dit
M dah-dah
Letter Morse
N dah-dit
O dah-dah-dah
P di-dah-dah-dit
Q dah-dah-di-dah
R di-dah-dit
S di-di-dit
T dah
U di-di-dah
V di-di-di-dah
W di-dah-dah
X dah-di-di-dah
Y dah-di-dah-dah
Z dah-dah-di-dit
Digit Morse
0 dah-dah-dah-dah-dah
1 di-dah-dah-dah-dah
2 di-di-dah-dah-dah
3 di-di-di-dah-dah
4 di-di-di-di-dah
5 di-di-di-di-dit
6 dah-di-di-di-dit
7 dah-dah-di-di-dit
8 dah-dah-dah-di-dit
9 dah-dah-dah-dah-dit
Letter Morse
Ä di-dah-di-dah
Á di-dah-dah-di-dah
Å di-dah-dah-di-dah
Ch dah-dah-dah-dah
É di-di-dah-di-dit
Ñ dah-dah-di-dah-dah
Ö dah-dah-dah-dit
Ü di-di-dah-dah
Punctuation Mark Morse
Ampersand [&] di-dah-di-di-dit
Apostrophe ['] di-dah-dah-dah-dah-dit
At sign [@] di-dah-dah-di-dah-dit
Bracket, close (parenthesis) [)] dah-di-dah-dah-di-dah
Bracket, open (parenthesis) [(] dah-di-dah-dah-dit
Colon [:] dah-dah-dah-di-di-dit
Comma [,] dah-dah-di-di-dah-dah
Equals sign [=] dah-di-di-di-dah
Exclamation mark [!]
Not in ITU-R recommendation
Full-stop (period) [.] di-dah-di-dah-di-dah
Hyphen [-] dah-di-di-di-di-dah
Plus sign [+] di-dah-di-dah-dit
Quotation marks ["] di-dah-di-di-dah-dit
Question mark (query) [?] di-di-dah-dah-di-dit
Slash [/] dah-di-di-dah-dit
Prosign (?) Morse
AA, New line di-dah-di-dah
AR, End of message di-dah-di-dah-dit
AS, Wait di-dah-di-di-dit
BK, Break dah-di-di-di-dah-di-dah
BT , New paragraph dah-di-di-di-dah
CL, Going off the air ("clear") dah-di-dah-di-di-dah-di-dit
CT, Start copying dah-di-dah-di-dah
DO, Change to wabun code dah-di-di-dah-dah-dah
KN, Invite a specific station to transmit dah-di-dah-dah-dit
SK, End of transmission di-di-di-dah-di-dah
SN, Understood (also VE) di-di-di-dah-dit
SOS, Distress message di-di-di-dah-dah-dah-di-di-dit
Other Phrases Abbreviation
Over K
Roger R
See you later CUL
Be seeing you BCNU
You're UR
Signal report RST
Best regards 73
Love and kisses 88
Q Code (?) Meaning
QSL I acknowledge receipt
QSL? Do you acknowledge?
QRX Wait
QRX? Should I wait?
QRV I am ready to copy
QRV? Are you ready to copy?
QRL The frequency is in use
QRL? Is the frequency in use?
QTH My location is...
QTH? What is your location?


If the duration of a dot is taken to be one unit then that of a dash is three units. The space between the components of one character is one unit, between characters is three units and between words seven units. To indicate that a mistake has been made and for the receiver to delete the last word, send di-di-di-di-di-di-di-dit (eight dots).

The prosigns are combinations of two letters sent together with no space in between. The other abbreviations and Q codes are sent with the normal spacing.